Course Schedule

Course Description | Course Schedule | Classes | Assignments | News

TOPIC 1.                Introduction

Week 1.1. The field

  • Phonetics and Phonology: The orchestra in us
  • Sounds and symbols
  • Transcribing sounds
  • Types of transcription
  • Phonemes, Allophones and Free Variation
  • Syllables
  • Segments: Vowels and Consonants
  • Suprasegmentals
  • Speech as an acoustic signal
  • Writing Systems
  • The relationship between speech and writing

& Suggested Reading: Fromkin, V., Rodman, R., & Hyams, N. (2010). An Introduction to Language (9th ed., p. 643). Boston: Cengage Learning (pp. 229-309).

&

TOPIC 2.                The Sounds: Consonants

In this topic we will learn to describe sounds based on three categories: Voice, Place and Manner (VPM).

& Suggested Reading: Clark, J. E., Yallop, C., & Fletcher, J. (2007). An introduction to phonetics and phonology (Third edit.). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. (pp. 10-54).

& Suggested Reading: Seikel, A., King, D., D. Drumright (2005). Anatomy & Physiology for Speech, Language and Hearing (3th ed.). USA: Thomson Delmar Learning. (Chapter 5, Anatomy of Phonation provides a detailed analysis of the physiology of the Larynx).

Week 2.1. Voice

  • The larynx
  • Vocal folds
  • Voiced and voiceless sounds
  • Vocal fold vibration
  • Voicing in languages
  • Whisper
  • Aperiodic waves

Week 2.2. Place of Articulation

  • The Vocal Tract
  • Articulation
  • Place of Articulation
  • Complex articulations
  • Homorganic Sounds
  • Instrumental techniques

Week 2.3. Manner of Articulation: The Production of Obstruents

  • Stops
  • Fricatives
  • Affricates
  • Acoustic structure of obstruents

Week 2.4. Manner of Articulation: The Sonorant Consonants

  • General properties of nasals
  • Nasals
  • Trill
  • Approximant
  • Flap or tap
  • Lateral Fric.
  • Lateral Appr.
  • Lateral flap
  • Acoustic structure of sonorants·

Week 2.5. Assimilation

  • How bilabial stops become labiodentals
  • How voiceless stop become voiced
  • The organization of language
  • Basic and derived forms
  • The formalization of rules
  • Derivations
  • On Phonetics and Phonology again
  • Descriptive Phonetic Parameters
  • Distinctive Features
  • Naturalness and Formal Economy
  • Place Assimilation in Nasals: Natural Classes
  • The Feature Coronal. Active and Passive Articulators
  • Single-Valued Features
  • Constraining rules: autosegmental formalism
  • Functional Groupings of Features
  • Feature Dependencies

Week 2.6. Natural Classes of Sounds: Distinctive Features

&

TOPIC 3.                The Sounds: Vowels

& Suggested Reading: Ladefoged, P. (2005). Vowels and consonants: an introduction to the sounds of languages. Wiley-Blackwell. (pp. 26-48 and 121-132).

Week 3.1. Vowels

  • Spectrum and Resonance
  • Vowel articulation
    • Vowel height
    • Vowel location
    • Lip position
    • Vowel Diacritics
    • Long vs. short vowels
    • Oral vs. nasalised vowels
    • Monophthong vs. diphthong
    • Representing Vowels: The Quadrilateral
    • Cardinal Vowels
    • Vowel Systems
    • Vowel Variability
    • Vowel Production

Week 3.2. The vowels of English

  • Variation in English
  • The Four Corner Vowels
  • Intermediate Primary Vowels
  • Lax Vowels
  • Central Vowels

Diphtongs

  • Homogeneous Diphthongs
  • Heterogeneous Diphthongs
  • Centring Diphthongs

& Suggested Reading: Roca, I., & Johnson, W. (1999). A Course in Phonology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers (pp. 169-202).

Week 3.3. Week

  • English Vowels
  • Transcription Exercises
  • English Transcription

Week 3.4. Phonological Processes Involving Vowel Features

  • Distinctive Features for Vowels
  • Feature Dependecies
  • Two More Distinctive Features
  • Back Harmony in Turkish
  • Lexical Underspecification
  • Vowel Disharmony
  • The No-crossing Constraint
  • German Umlaut
  • English Plurals

Week 3.5. Vowel Duration and the Great Vowel Shift

  • A puzzle with Affricates
  • The Timing Tier
  • A strange set f Vowel alternations in English
  • Short vs. long vowel alternations
  • The Great Vowel shift
  • The synchronic reflex of the GVS. Vowel Primes and Vowel Processes
  • The SPE Account
  • Further Repercussions of the Vowel Shift

&

TOPIC 4.                Suprasegmental Structure

Week 4.1. The syllable

  • Acquiring the sounds of a Language
  • Structure of the Core Syllable
  • Sonority and the Syllable
  • The Coda
  • The Rime

Week 4.2. Syllable Typology

  • Basic Syllable Typology
  • The Nature of the Syllable
  • Complex Nuclei
  • Complex Onsets
  • The Sonority Hierarchy
  • Sonority Distance

Week 4.3. English Phonotactics: Syllable Complexity

  • Complex Codas
  • Non Vocalic Nuclei
  • Approximants: again
  • Onset Vowels. The ‘OCP’
  • Syllabification
  • Onset Fulfillment
  • Onset Maximization. English Stop allophony
  • No Complex Codas in English
  • The Antics of /s/

Week 4.4. Syllabification