Course Schedule

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COURSE SCHEDULE

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TOPIC 1.                       Fundamental concepts in phonetics and phonology

Week 1.1.     The field

  • Phonetics and Phonology: The orchestra in us
  • Sounds and symbols
  • Transcribing sounds
  • Types of transcription
  • Phonemes, Allophones and Free Variation
  • Syllables
  • Segments: Vowels and Consonants
  • Suprasegmentals
  • Speech as an acoustic signal
  • Writing Systems
  • The relationship between speech and writing

& Suggested Reading: Fromkin, V., Rodman, R., & Hyams, N. (2010). An Introduction to Language (9th ed., p. 643). Boston: Cengage Learning (pp. 229-309).

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Week 1.2.     Consonants

  • The larynx
  • Vocal folds
  • Voiced and voiceless sounds
  • Vocal fold vibration
  • Voicing in languages
  • Whisper
  • Aperiodic waves

Week 1.3.     Vowels

  • Spectrum and Resonance
  • Vowel articulation
    • Vowel height
    • Vowel location
    • Lip position
    • Vowel Diacritics
    • Long vs. short vowels
    • Oral vs. nasalised vowels
    • Monophthong vs. diphthong
    • Representing Vowels: The Quadrilateral
    • Cardinal Vowels
    • Vowel Systems
    • Vowel Variability
    • Vowel Production

Week 1.4.     Prosody

  • Prosodic features
  • Is English a tone language?
  • The three Ts: tone, tonicity, tonality
  • The functions of intonation
  • Intonation in EFL: transfer and interference

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TOPIC 2.                       SOCIOPHONETICS

Week 2.1.     Socio-Phonetics and Socio-Phonology

  • Phonetic Variables
  • Dialects
  • Accents
  • Variation
  • Linguistic Continuum
  • Regional Dialectology

Week 2.2.     Social Dialects

  • Styles
  • Registers
  • Beliefs
  • Sociolects
  • Labov Studies: Martha’s Vineyard

Week 2.3.     Working in the Field: Studies

  • Fisher’s study 1958
  • Labov, New York 1966
  • Trudgill, Norwich 1974
  • Cheshire, Reading England, 1978

Week 2.4.     Phonetics and Language Change

  • Variation
  • Real time studies
  • Apparent time studies
  • Testing Apparent Time Results
  • Panel Studies
  • Generational Change
  • Lifespan Change
  • Age-grading
  • Stable variable

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TOPIC 3.                       The phonetics and phonology of TALK in interaction

Week 3.1.     Talk in interaction

  • Grice Implicatures
  • Sperber and Wilson “Principle of Relevance”
  • Conversation Analysis Talk-in-Interaction
  • The organization of turn-taking

Week 3.2.     Conversation Analysis: Interactional Cues

  • Conversation Analysis and Prosody
  • To ‘siga’ in CG

Week 3.3.     Prosody and Information Structure

  • Information Structure
  • Focus
  • Topic
  • Discourse configurationality
  • Topicalization (fronting), Clefting etc.
  • The role of prosody

Week 3.4.     Presentations